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Flow of natural gas from Central Asia

On December 14, 2009, at the inauguration ceremony of the Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline held in the gas plant on the right bank of the Amu Darya River in Turkmenistan, Chinese President Hu Jintao, Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev and Uzbek President Islam Karimov turned on the flow of natural gas together.

The Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline starts at Turkmen-Uzbek border city Gedaim and runs through central Uzbekistan and southern Kazakhstan before reaching Horgos in China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region. The Gas Pipeline has dual lines in parallel, each running for 1,833 kilometers. The diameter of the pipeline is 1,067 millimeters. Construction of the Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline commenced in July, 2008 and the line A became operational in December, 2009. Line B is expected to be operational by the end of September, 2010. A delivery capacity of 30 billion cubic meters per annum will be reached by the end of 2011.

 

On August 29, 2007, the license for the exploration and development of the joint block at Amu Darya Right Bank in Turkmenistan was issued by Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov to CNPC at the commencement ceremony.  In November 2009, the development project of Samandepe gas field was completed and the No.1 gas processing plant at the Bagtyiarlyk contract area was brought into service, which will supply five billion cubic meters of natural gas every year to the pipeline since 2010.

 

The Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline traverses diverse and challenging geographical features. Tens of thousands of workers and engineers from China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan worked together at this world class giant project. From groundbreaking to the commission of line A, the project was completed in less than 28 months, thanks to the collaboration and devoted work of workers and engineers from the four countries who have set a high standard of safety, efficiency and quality in construction. Furthermore, there was no fatal accident, environmental pollution and property loss happened during the construction.

 

The leaders spoke highly of the pipeline, saying it is a model of sincere solidarity and mutually beneficial cooperation of the four countries. The inflow of Turkmen gas will significantly help China in meeting its energy demands and improve the nation's energy consumption mix. Also, the project will help the three Central Asian countries diversify their energy exports, and promote socio-economic development in the region. The project has truly realized the balance of interests among energy exporters, transporters and consumers. The most significant point of the modern "Silk Road" lies in that neighbors in the region find more common interests and cooperative opportunities.


Turkmenistan
In April, 2006, a general agreement was signed between Chinese and Turkmen governments on the construction of Turkmenistan-China gas pipeline and sales of Turkmen gas to China. In July, 2007, CNPC signed a production sharing contract to explore and develop gas fields on the right bank of the Amu Darya River, and a gas sales & purchase agreement that envisages annual deliveries of 30 billion cubic meters of gas from Turkmenistan to China for 30 years through the Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline, with the Turkmen State Agency for Management and Use of Hydrocarbon Resources and Turkmengaz State Concern respectively.

 

Kazakhstan
On August 18, 2007, an agreement on construction and operation of the Kazakhstan-China Gas Pipeline was signed between Chinese and Kazakh governments. On November 8 of the same year, CNPC and KazMunayGas signed the basic principle agreement on the Kazakhstan-China Gas Pipeline construction and operation. On February 15, 2008, Asia Gas Pipeline LLP (AGP) was registered in Kazakhstan, which is in charge of the construction and operation of the Kazakh section of Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline.

 

Uzbekistan
On April 30, 2007, Chinese and Uzbek governments reached into a principle agreement on construction and operation of the Uzbek section of Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline. In July of the same year, CNPC and Uzbekneftegaz signed an agreement on construction and operation of the Uzbek section. On January 28, 2008, the document of establishing ASIA TRANSGAS Company was officially signed to implement the construction and operation of Uzbek section of Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline.


August 29, 2007
CNPC received the license for the exploration and development of the Right Bank of Amu Darya River from Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov.

August 30, 2007
Construction of the Turkmen section of the pipeline began.

June 27, 2008
Construction commenced of the No.1 Gas Processing Plant at Bagtyiarlyk contract area in Samandepe Gas Field.

June 30, 2008
Construction of the Uzbek section of the pipeline started.

July 9, 2008
Construction of the Kazakh section of the pipeline commenced.

September 7, 2008
Well Sam-53-1 was completed at Bagtyiarlyk contract area on the right bank of Amu Darya River. It is the first new gas well since Samandepe field was suspended in April, 1993.

October 1, 2008
The first compressor station of Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline was built in Uzbekistan's Qasqadaryo province.

October 21, 2008
Construction of the Horgos terminal station started.

July 10, 2009
Welding work for line A was completed.

November 15, 2009
Multinational dispatching mechanism for the pipeline debuted.

November 19, 2009
The Kazakh section of line A passed the acceptance check by Kazakh government.

November 25, 2009
The terminal station at Horgos was completed and ready for commissioning.

December 14, 2009
Presidents of China, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan attended the inauguration ceremony of the China-Central Asia Gas Pipeline in the gas plant on the right bank of the Amu Darya River, and turned on the gas flow together.