The development of Daqing Oilfield is closely related with the destiny of the nation, and the development history of Daqing is an episode full of independent pioneering quests and struggles with nature. It is since September 26, 1959; with the commercial discovery from Songji No.3 well that marks the discovery of Daqing Oilfield. Up until the early 1960s, hundreds of thousands of petroleum workers from all across the country streamed to Songliao basin, located in the northern part of China, where only wild, barren land and a bitter climate accompanied their presence. From then on, a massive and valiant campaign for prospecting petroleum has been preluded. Confronted with obstacles like severe climate and shortages of money and supplies, those hard workers, best-known and represented by “Ironman” Wang Jinxi, devoted all their might to the combat with nature. They took actions and promised that “to sacrifice 20 years of their life to get the oilfield explored and developed”, and “despite the conditions, never give up struggling”. In less than 3 years, Daqing Oilfield was successfully explored and developed, which was of great importance to China in order to rid the bad name of being deficient in oil. Since then, China has been able to guarantee supply of petroleum and the petroleum industry in China also entered a completely new stage.
And now, nearly half century has passed and Daqing Oilfield has performed miracle after miracle and many splendid achievements during its development. From the year 1963, when the whole oilfield was put into production, annual oil production was climbing incrementally at a rate of 3 million, and production peaked in 1976 at 50 million tons per year. From then on, Daqing Oilfield has maintained stable production at this level for 27 years, and cumulative oil production has exceeded 2 billion tons, occupying 40% of the total continental oil production in recent times. Daqing Oilfield has paid 1.6 trillion RMB to the nation, and since the year 2000, the company has continued to be the biggest tax payer in China. The company’s core operations are oil and gas exploration and development, engineering services, facility manufacturing, chemical engineering, operation sustenance, field services, and other diverse fields. The innovation of theories and matching techniques for the development of the giant continental sandstone oilfield of severe heterogeneity in Daqing Oilfield is as important as the “2 nuclear devices and 1 artificial satellite” for China. The recovery of major reservoirs in Daqing has reached 50%, about 10~15% higher than other oilfields in China, which is also regarded as a miracle in the development of oilfields around the world. Not only did Daqing Oilfield create abundant energy supplies, but precious spiritual treasures have also been cultivated, including “Daqing spirit”, “Ironman spirit”, “2 theories”, “3 values and 4 musts” and “3 basics”. Daqing Oilfield has contributed actively to the prosperous social and economic development of Heilongjiang province. With the smooth progress of oilfield operations, the working and living environment of the employees of the oilfield has also been greatly improved. In the book Memory Yu Qiuyu, a famous author in China, says “no other enterprise in China has been associated more closely with the spirit and destiny of the nation as Daqing Oilfield, nor has any city in China cultivated its own culture before its birth, and nor has any city or enterprise in China ever created such splendid records during such a short period of development”.
The successful development of Daqing oilfield involved policies and attention from several generations of national leaders in China. In 1964, Chairman Mao personally called for all the enterprises and industries in China to follow the model of Daqing. In 1978, Deng Xiaoping announced the decision to “build a beautiful Daqing Oilfield”. In 1990, when President Jiang Zemin visited Daqing, he summarized the essence of Daqing spirit “patriotic, pioneering, honest and contributive”, and in 1995, he wrote an inscription for Daqing oilfield, “develop the Daqing spirit and ensure the success of second stage development”. In 1996, President Hu Jintao met with leaders of Daqing Oilfield Company Ltd, and he stressed “to value the honorable history of Daqing Oilfield, and to create a new record”. During the 50-year development of Daqing Oilfield, more than 130 national leaders have visited.
And in more recent years, according to the scientific outlook on development and sustainable development, Daqing Oilfield has established the strategic objectives of “stable production, coordinated development, harmonious environment and the realization of a 100-year oilfield”. It has proposed the building of five centers for energy production, engineering techniques, facility manufacturing, petroleum chemistry and technological innovation. Exploration and development activities in Daqing have taken on a new look in that exploitation of oil and gas share equal emphasis and also related activities are not only concentrated within Daqing but also outside of Daqing. The workload of drilling tasks completed by Daqing Oilfield is greater than the other four drilling companies under the PetroChina banner, and for three years, Daqing Oilfield has been listed among Engineering News-Record’s most capable 60 contractors in China. The market share of field facilities and chemical products from Daqing has been expanding gradually, especially for the three best-known products; pumping units, Electrical Submersible Pumps (ESP) and perforation instruments. These products are not only market leaders in China, but they have also made several famous brands such as Lishen, Qingmao and Ironman recognized around world.
In 2007, Daqing Oilfield was granted the China National Industrial Prize, and the achievements of Daqing Oilfield were highly praised by key ministers of the nation. In the near future, Daqing Oilfield Limited Company, as a giant state-owned enterprise will develop its unique Daqing spirit and Ironman spirit and will develop industry in a more scientific and harmonious way.